April 17, 2015

A Mini Bible Study In Acts

I recently finished reading the book of Acts and I read these verses:

"Now in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplying, there arose a complaint against the Hebrews by the Hellenists, because their widows were neglected in the daily distribution.

Then the twelve summoned the multitude of the disciples and said, 'It is not desirable that we should leave the word of God and serve tables.

'Therefore, brethren, seek out from among you seven men of good reputation, full of the Holy Spirit and wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business;

'but we will give ourselves continually to prayer and to the ministry of the word.'

And the saying pleased the whole multitude. And they chose Stephen, a man full of faith and the Holy Spirit, and Philip, Prochorus, Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas, and Nicolas, a proselyte from Antioch,

whom they set before the apostles; and when they had prayed, they laid hands on them.

Then the word of God spread, and the number of the disciples multiplied greatly in Jerusalem, and a great many of the priests were obedient to the faith."    Acts 6:1-7

I thought I'd share what I've learnt from a little deeper study.

So what or who were the Hellenists?

Hellenists: 'Jews who made Greek their tongue, and with it often adopted Greek ideas and practices.'

Bible Verse Study.com says it this way:

"the Hellenists" are the converts among the Jews who had returned to Judea after having lived abroad in the Greek world, and still spoke Greek and had adopted Greek cultural elements."

So these Hellenists were concerned about their widows getting enough food. Maybe even a bit jealous of the attention the other widows were getting.

Matthew Henry, in his commentary writes:
"The complainants were the Grecians, or Hellenists, against the Hebrews —the Jews that were scattered in Greece, and other parts, who ordinarily spoke the Greek tongue, and read the Old Testament in the Greek version, and not the original Hebrew, many of whom being at Jerusalem at the feast embraced the faith of Christ, and were added to the church, and so continued there. These complained against the Hebrews, the native Jews, that used the original Hebrew of the Old Testament. 

Some of each of these became Christians, and, it seems, their joint-embracing of the faith of Christ did not prevail, as it ought to have done, to extinguish the little jealousies they had one of another before their conversion, but they retained somewhat of that old leaven; not understanding, or not remembering, that in Christ Jesus there is neither Greek nor Jew, no distinction of Hebrew and Hellenist, but all are alike welcome to Christ, and should be, for his sake, dear to one another."

They needed to be reminded they were all one in Christ. And that all Christians were filled with the Holy Spirit, the preachers and the table servers alike.

Now the twelve did not think it was right for them to leave their preaching to take care of this situation so they asked their fellow brothers in Christ to find those who could. They knew they were called to prayer and to spread the Word (the gospel).

This really spoke to me. We are all one body, and each of us have a calling. Whether we are called to preach or keep widows feed, our tasks are important to God.

Just this morning I read this tweet from 'Desiring God'...

"There is no higher calling for you than to be who God called you to be."

How fitting for this post! : )

And because of everyone's obedience in their God-given task many more came to the Lord.

The disciples then chose Stephen, Phillip, Prochorus, Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas and Nicolas, a proselyte from Antioch.

What is a proselyte?

Proselyte: "a foreign resident, often rendered 'stranger.'

Bible Study Tools.com puts it this way:

"(a stranger, a new comer ), the name given by the Jews to foreigners who adopted the Jewish religion."

So Nicolas would have been a foreigner who converted to Judaism and then later after hearing the gospel, followed Christ.

And finally where is Anitioch?

Antioch is in Syria.

What significance does it have?

"Antioch is important in the early history of Christianity. One of the original deacons of the Apostolic church was Nicolas, a proselyte of Antioch (Acts 6:5). The first Gentile church, the mother of all the others, was founded there. Many fugitive Christians scattered at the death of Stephen went to Antioch, where they inaugurated a new era by preaching not only to the Hellenist Jews, but to 'the Greeks also' (Acts 11:20). 

The Jerusalem church sent Barnabas to assist in the work, and he, after laboring there for a while, summoned Paul from Tarsus to assist him. After working there for a year, they were sent with relief to the famine-stricken saints in Jerusalem. 

The disciples were called Christians first in Antioch (Acts 11:19-26), a designation probably coming from the populace, who were well-known for their invention of nicknames. The church at Antioch sent Paul and his companions out on his three missionary journeys (Acts 13:1, 15:3, 18:23), and he reported to it on his return from the first two (Acts 14:26, 18:22)."

I found this all so interesting! Especially that the disciples were first called Christians in Antioch.

"...And the disciples were first called Christians in Antioch." 
                                                                 Acts 11:26

Now I'm into studying the book of Jeremiah and finding it fascinating. God is good. : )

*Note: Matthew Henry's Bible commentary is available online for free HERE

*Note: All quotes are from 'The Compact Bible Dictionary' unless otherwise stated.

Buy it HERE on Amazon


  1. Excellent Bible study! It is amazing how the book of Acts not only gives us historical insights into the early church, but also models and lessons for how the church should be today. Linked up with you at Faith-Filled Friday -- hope you'll stop by Saved by Grace for a visit!
    God bless,

  2. Thanks for sharing! It's always interesting to get deeper into the word and get so much wisdom for today.
    Happy Weekend!

    1. Thankful for all the great resources out there. Matthew Henry's commentary is so helpful and my Bible dictionary is wonderful!

      Have a great weekend too Katha. : )

  3. Visiting you from the Weekend Brew! Thanks for taking the time to lay out such a thorough study. I just read through Acts myself with my kids last month, and it encouraged my faith! I want to be like Stephen. A woman full of faith and of the Holy Spirit!

    1. Glad to hear! Thanks for stopping by Betsy. : )

  4. I love the in-depth look you provided us into Acts. The history and understanding of the people as well as the meaning of certain words aids us in better understanding the God's word. Are you part of a group Bible study or is this one you did on your own?
    Thank you for joining us at The Weekend Brew.

    1. I'm not part of a Bible study group right now, but would love to find one! I did this one on my own. Thanks for stopping by Mary. : )

  5. Wow you've presented a really thorough and closer look at this book.
    Thanks for the effort and for making it easier for us. :)

  6. Great study. I learned a lot. Thanks for sharing on Literacy Musing Mondays.

    1. Thanks Mary, glad you gleaned from it. : )

  7. Thanks for sharing that, Cathy. How interesting. And I love maps that help me visualize it. I love that we can look all of this up online; it makes things so much easier, but I have to admit, I miss the days when I had all my commentaries, the Strongs Concordance (which weighed at least 10 pounds!) and various versions of the bible. Somehow I felt more...I don't know...immersed...committed....it was harder to get distracted...I had to put all those books away when I was done! Thanks for the insight into Acts.

    1. I love maps and diagrams to help with understanding too. I also have some of those heavy commentaries! I'm actually thankful Matthew Henry's is free online!

      Thanks for stopping and commenting Mary. : )

  8. That is interesting information about the Hellenists. Thank you for sharing what you found with us here- fascinating!

  9. So much good information here! I love the community talked about in Acts. So encouraging! Thanks for linking up at #ThreeWordWednesday.

  10. I enjoyed reading your thoughts on this passage. Thanks for sharing this at Booknificent Thursday!

  11. Thank you for sharing at Good Morning Mondays, it is always interesting and thought provoking. Blessings

  12. Sounds like good reads. Will be checking them out.

    1. Hi Lux, I think you may have meant to post this on my "5 books" post? I am looking forward to reading them all! : )


Feel free to leave your own thoughts in the comments. I try to respond to all of them by the end of the week. : )